ARKANSAS, Sept 15 (Future Headlines)- Apple, a global technology giant, found itself entangled in a controversy in France over radiation levels emanating from its iPhone 12 models. The French authorities suspended the sales of iPhone 12 handsets after tests revealed alleged breaches of radiation exposure limits. Apple disputed these findings, asserting that the iPhone 12 had received certifications from multiple international bodies, affirming its compliance with global standards regarding radiation. This dispute ignited discussions not only in France but also in several other European countries, where concerns were raised about the safety of the iPhone 12.

The heart of this dispute lies in the measurement of Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), a metric that quantifies the rate at which the human body absorbs radiofrequency energy from electronic devices. SAR values are crucial in assessing potential health risks associated with prolonged exposure to radiofrequency radiation. Regulatory bodies worldwide have established SAR limits to safeguard public health.

One crucial point of contention is the change in French regulations in 2020, which expanded SAR testing to include assessments for limb exposure. Previously, SAR testing mainly focused on measuring radiation absorption by the head and body. The limb SAR tests, conducted with the phone held close to the body, reportedly yielded results that exceeded legally allowed limits in France, leading to the suspension of iPhone 12 sales.

  • Divergent testing protocols across Europe

The divergence in SAR testing protocols between France and other European countries has led to confusion and debate. While France adopted tests that involve holding the phone directly against the body, most other nations primarily assess SAR for head and body exposure, with the phone held at a distance from the body. This distinction in testing methodologies accounts for the variation in SAR values and the subsequent dispute over the iPhone 12’s compliance with radiation standards.

  • Apple’s response: A pledge to issue a software update

In response to the suspension of iPhone 12 sales in France, Apple issued a statement affirming its commitment to resolving the issue. The tech giant stated that it would release a software update specifically designed to accommodate the testing methods employed by French regulators. Apple emphasized that this move was related to a particular testing protocol used by French authorities and did not reflect any safety concerns.

The announcement underscores Apple’s willingness to address the concerns raised by French regulators and restore the availability of the iPhone 12 in France. It also highlights the importance of regional compliance with varying testing methodologies.

  • Wider European concerns and calls for consistency

France’s decision to suspend iPhone 12 sales sent ripples across Europe, with several countries expressing concerns about the radiation levels of the device. Belgium’s state secretary for digitalization, Mathieu Michel, acknowledged that preliminary reviews by the Belgian regulator did not indicate any danger to users. However, he called for consistency and requested that Apple apply the software update across all European Union countries.

Germany, closely observing the situation in France, engaged with French authorities to explore a potential EU-wide solution to address the varying SAR testing protocols. Italy, too, was poised to request that Apple update the software on iPhone 12 devices sold in the country.

Notably, Denmark took a different stance, reassuring iPhone 12 owners that its Safety Authority saw no need for action based on France’s findings and did not have concerns about radiation levels. The Danish Health Authority’s statement emphasized that, based on available information, the iPhone 12 could continue to be used without concern.

  • Safety and regulatory landscape

Industry experts and regulatory bodies have underscored that there are no immediate safety risks associated with the iPhone 12, as regulatory limits governing SAR levels are established well below thresholds at which scientific evidence has indicated harm. These limits primarily focus on preventing burns or heatstroke resulting from exposure to radiofrequency radiation.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has conducted extensive studies over the last two decades to assess the health risks associated with mobile phones and their radiation emissions. According to the WHO, no adverse health effects have been definitively established as being caused by mobile phone radiation.

  • Future implications and consumer impact

The ultimate resolution of this dispute will likely determine the future availability and reputation of the iPhone 12 in European markets. While Apple’s pledge to issue a software update aims to address France’s specific concerns, its broader impact on European consumers and regulatory alignment remains to be seen.

Apple introduced the iPhone 15 shortly after this controversy, with the iPhone 12 being phased out from its direct sales channels. However, the iPhone 12 can still be obtained from third-party sellers and existing inventory. A significant aspect of this situation was the potential for a recall, a scenario that France had considered if Apple had refused to release the software update.

  • Economic and market considerations

Apple’s revenues in Europe amounted to approximately $95 billion in the previous year, making the region its second-largest market after the Americas. While the company does not provide a detailed breakdown of sales by country or model, estimates suggest that it sold over 50 million iPhones in Europe in the same period.

As Apple navigates this challenge, it will need to carefully manage its reputation and relationships with regulators, consumers, and partners in Europe. The company’s response to the controversy and its ability to swiftly address regional concerns will likely influence its market position and consumer trust.

As the smartphone industry continues to evolve, addressing emerging concerns related to radiation exposure and other health and safety considerations will remain essential. Companies like Apple must navigate these challenges while continuing to innovate and meet consumer demands in an increasingly complex global market. The resolution of this issue will provide valuable insights into the intersection of technology, regulation, and public health in the digital age.

Writing by Alireza Sabet; Editing by Sarah White