ARKANSAS, Nov 21 (Future Headlines)- Efforts to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, a critical target set by the Paris Agreement, are faltering across various fronts, necessitating major transformations, particularly in reducing coal use for electricity generation, according to the “State of Climate Action 2023” report. Released ahead of the COP28 climate change summit in Dubai, the report highlights the formidable challenges and the need for urgent, transformative actions to align with the 1.5 degrees Celsius goal.
The report evaluates progress toward the 1.5 degrees Celsius goal outlined in the Paris Agreement, providing a snapshot of the current state of global climate action. Of the 42 indicators analyzed, only one—sales of electric passenger cars—is on track to meet its 2030 target.
The Paris Agreement, established in 2015, aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels. The report extends this goal to create targets for 2030 and 2050, revealing significant gaps in achieving the required milestones.
The report emphasizes the inadequacy of global efforts to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, describing them as “lackluster.” Urgent and transformative changes across all sectors are deemed essential to secure a livable future.
The report calls for phasing out coal from electricity generation at a rate seven times faster than the current pace. This ambitious target equates to retiring approximately 240 average-sized coal-fired power plants each year through 2030. Recommends a substantial increase in wind and solar power capacity to drive a cleaner energy transition. Urges an expedited expansion of rapid transit infrastructure to reduce reliance on carbon-intensive transportation.
Recommends a shift toward healthier and more sustainable diets at a rate eight times faster than current trends. Calls for a fourfold increase in the rate of cutting deforestation annually within this decade. The report stresses the critical importance of immediate, transformational changes to address the urgency of the climate crisis. Urges governments, corporations, and cities to embrace systemic change across sectors.
Ani Dasgupta, President and CEO of the WRI, emphasizes that while some progress has been made, the overall trajectory is lagging. Acknowledges the need for drastic action from governments, corporations, and cities to ensure a livable and thriving future.
The report aligns with the assessment by the United Nations Climate Change, emphasizing that governments worldwide are not doing enough to avert the worst effects of climate change. The NDC Synthesis Report calls for more proactive efforts by governments to slash emissions.
Simon Stiell, Executive Secretary of UN Climate Change, underscores the significance of COP28 as a turning point. Governments are urged to take bold strides forward in implementing stronger climate actions and demonstrating how to deliver them.
Reporting by Emad Martin