ARKANSAS, January 11 (Future Headlines)- Renewable energy is poised to play an increasingly significant role in the U.S. energy landscape, with the latest projections from the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook indicating a steady rise. Specifically, renewables are expected to contribute 24% to U.S. renewable electricity generation in 2024, with further growth anticipated to reach 26% by 2025, up from 22% in 2023. In this comprehensive analysis, we delve into the key factors driving this growth, focusing on biomass energy – a crucial component of the renewable energy mix.

Biomass electricity generation has been a notable contributor to the U.S. renewable energy portfolio, reaching 21.6 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) in 2023. The EIA’s projections indicate a continued expansion, with expectations for biomass electricity generation to reach 22.8 billion kWh in 2024 and maintain a level of 22.5 billion kWh in 2025. While biomass accounted for 2.47% of U.S. renewables generation in 2023, it is projected to represent 2.3% in 2024 and 2.1% in 2025.


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As of the end of 2023, the electric power sector boasted 2.9 gigawatts (GW) of waste biomass and 2.4 GW of wood biomass capacity. These capacity levels are anticipated to remain stable through 2024 and 2025, providing a consistent foundation for biomass electricity generation. In the industrial sector, there were 5.3 GW of wood biomass and 1.4 GW of waste biomass capacity at the end of 2023. Similar to the electric power sector, these capacity levels are expected to be maintained throughout 2024 and 2025.

The consumption of waste biomass in the electric power sector was 0.168 quadrillion Btu (quad) in 2023, a level anticipated to be sustained in 2024 before a slight decline to 0.166 quad in 2025. Additionally, wood biomass consumption in the electric power sector was 0.169 quad in 2023, with projections indicating an increase to 0.189 quad in 2024 and a subsequent decrease to 0.186 quad in 2025.

Turning to the industrial sector, the consumption of waste biomass is expected to reach 0.158 quad in both 2024 and 2025, a minor decrease from 0.159 quad in 2023. Wood biomass consumption in the industrial sector was 1.238 quad in 2023, and it is predicted to rise to 1.353 quad in 2024 and 1.367 quad in 2025.

In the commercial sector, waste biomass consumption is projected to be 0.071 quad in both 2024 and 2025, a slight decrease from 0.072 quad in 2023. Meanwhile, wood biomass consumption in the commercial sector, which stood at 0.082 quad in 2023, is expected to be maintained at that level in both 2024 and 2025. The residential sector’s consumption of wood biomass reached 0.443 quad in 2023, and this level is expected to be sustained in both 2024 and 2025.

Overall, across all sectors, waste biomass consumption was 0.399 quad in 2023, and projections indicate a slight decrease to 0.397 quad in 2024 and 0.395 quad in 2025. Wood biomass consumption, totaling 1.932 quad in 2023, is forecasted to increase to 2.067 quad in 2024 and 2.078 quad in 2025.

Reporting by Kevin Wood; Editing by Sarah White